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Supreme Court strikes down Roe v. Wade — page 1 
Ruling says that each state can set its own abortion laws.
On June 24th, the Supreme Court handed down its decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization. This case dealt with the issue of abortion. The Court’s ruling was extremely controversial because it struck down the landmark 1973 case of Roe v. Wade.

Before 1973, individual states could pass their own laws about abortion. But this changed with Roe v. Wade. This decision said that states could not ban abortion, because that would violate a woman’s constitutional right to privacy. Since Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court has continued to rule that states could not take away a woman’s, quote, “right to choose.” However, Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization came along at a time when the Court has a solid 6-3 conservative majority.

In 2018, the Mississippi legislature passed a law banning nearly all abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy. The state’s only abortion provider sued to challenge the law. In the lawsuit, the Jackson Women’s Health Organization said that the new state law conflicted with the rights granted by Roe v. Wade. When a district court judge agreed with this argument, Mississippi appealed to a higher court, where it lost again. Finally, the state decided to appeal to the Supreme Court, and arguments took place in December of 2021.

In the final ruling, the six conservative justices joined together to uphold Mississippi’s laws. Five of them joined a ruling overturning Roe v. Wade. Chief Justice John Roberts voted to uphold the Mississippi law but did not vote to overturn Roe v. Wade. This ruling does not ban abortions nationwide. Instead, it says that each state can now set its own abortion laws. The final decision, written by Justice Samuel Alito, included these words: “The Constitution does not confer a right to abortion…. The authority to regulate abortion is returned to the people and their elected representatives.”

The three liberal judges on the Court, Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan, wrote a strong dissent to Alito’s opinion. They said: “With sorrow – for this Court, but more, for the many millions of American women who have today lost a fundamental constitutional protection – we dissent.”
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